Installation of LED - The New Lighting Technology Trend  

by Pool Builders on 09-20-2014 in Articles

Unlike the other traditional lighting which requires bundles of cable and drain a lot of power, LED lights are much simpler to use and easy to install. The cluster of these miniature size lighting are fixtures in such an efficient way that they are capable of illuminating any area of your choice. Installing LED lights in your residential or commercial application will help to keep environment green, save your energy cost and above all, makes you a smart owner who follows latest technology trends.
Every lighting technology has some attributes that determines its nature and requirements of installation. Similar is the case with LED, you need to think, decide and plan precisely to get LED fixture properly installed in your place. LED uses are versatile and so its type and specifications are also varied in accordance to the application. LED is applicable in both dry and wet areas, knowing the proper fixture available for each will surely make your installation process easier.

So let's have a look at different type of LED lighting products available to decorate your desired region:
LED strip lights:
These lights are in the form of long run cable that have LED mounted in it. This row of LED often uses to glow sides, boundary and edge of windows, deck, pool and many similar objects.
LED light fixture:
Such type of lights have cluster of LED enclosed in one unit. They provide adjustable angle and directed lighting with high lumen rating. They can be fitted beneath cabinet, underwater pool surface and roof top application.
LED light bulbs:
Look similar to traditional incandescent and CFL bulbs, but provide brighter and consistent stream of light in very low power. They are efficient to replace any conventional bulb fittings.

All these types of lighting come in different voltage and current rating, and operating option with AC or DC. For wet application they come in waterproof form and greater intensity to enlighten under water features. Pentair, Zodiac, Philips are some of the renowned brand that provide these cool lights for all possible application.
Some general steps that must be followed prior to any type of LED light installation are described here. These are common outlines that results in safer and effective LED set up at your residence.

Determine the run limit for LED fixture: Run is actually a section of strip light that glows continuously with single power source. Observing its limit according to your application will results in safer and prolongs installation.

Provide constant power supply (recommended 12V): Fluctuation in power supply results in reduction of LED lights life. Feeding it with constant low voltage supply will improve the capacity and protect against power surges.

Use right gauge wires: Gauge or thickness of wire is an important factor that must be considered in large LED installation. Wire should have low voltage drop in order to transfer efficient electricity to the fixture.

Follow the instruction manual of LED kit: This one is really important for safe and perfect installation. The manual contains the essential warning and safety information along with the well defined steps to install a LED fixture. So it must be read out for proper installation finish.
LED lighting technology is becoming common to use for dramatic swimming pool lighting. As it is not heated up and resistant to shock, it would be a preferable to use for underwater application. The installation tactics for lighting swimming pool with LED are somewhat different, but installed in a similar way like normal pool lights. It will prove durable and economical to wet application and at the end look very attractive if placed properly.

The steps to consider while installing LED lights in your wet areas are:

- The junction box that houses all essential connections and wiring should be located at least 8 inches above the ground and at least 48 inches above from the edges of the pool.

- All the light fixture and metal objects are properly electrically bonded within five feet of the pool.

- The wet niche or underwater lens is suitably installed at least 18 inches below the surface of water in the pool. It must be grounded well via AWG ground connector.

- Install each light fixture spaciously to illuminate water with equivalent brightness and make careful electrical connections.

- From safety point of view the pool lighting circuit has a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) for line voltage fixture and has a relevantly rated circuit breaker.

These all steps discussed here will lead you to complete LED lighting installation for both wet and dry area. Finally, after completing the installation, testing is performed to check the validity and performance of LED lighting.

The overall electrical system can be verified with a qualified test kit provided by the manufacturer. The inspection must be performed by skilled and certified personnel to ensure that system meet applicable requirement and specification.
There are many popular brands available in LED pool lightening market that gives you brilliant multi-colors with spectacular effects. Some of them are Pentair's IntelliBrite pool lights, Zodiac WaterColor LED light systems, Pentair Color LED IntelliBrite Lights. These all are pre-programmed and can be controlled remotely. Opting for these high-tech LED lights will surely enhance you pool light experience.

Pros and cons of LED light installation
- Easy to install and replace: The level of difficulty installing the LED lighting is very low. They easily fit and can be replaced without much effort. Also, for underwater application you don't have to drain out your pool water.

- Low initial cost: Installing LED lights are a cost-effective choice. The cost typically ranges from $400-$900.

- Even and cool brightness: LED lights create cool and pleasing aura without any glazing effect. Also, it spreads light evenly in the surrounding.

- Safety: LED lights are operated with the voltage same as a car charger, so there is no risk of shock or any electrical incident.

- Periodic replacement of bulb: ideally an LED bulb typically lasts for 7-15 years and also the only part that need periodic replacement. The cost for replacement will range from $200-$400.

- Dimmer: LED doesn't work with standard dimmer. Highly rated dimmer must be required to dim the LED light bulb.

- Difficult to choose: manufacturers provide different shades of same color under same Kelvin rating. This makes it difficult to buy the desired color in LED.

Tips for installation
- Purchase the LED according to the kind of light fitting install in your application area.
- Use standard quality transformer in case of 12V DC LED lights installation.
- Power sources and wiring must be perfectly isolated, especially for underwater application to prevent shock.
- Installation must be carried out by trained and certified professionals.
- Always go for energy star rated product for optimum performance.

LED lights are significantly energy saver and rate-cutter, opting to install LED will never let you down in terms of service and performance. At the end, LED installation is easy to carry out, required less maintenance and will serve for long lifespan.

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