Swimming Strokes for the Beginner - Learn More About It

by Pool Builders on 03-11-2012 in Articles

In swimming, the basic swimming strokes are those that incorporate the front crawl, the backstroke, the breaststroke and the butterfly. In most cases, the first lesson of all these strokes is the front crawl, and the backstroke is generally the one taught next. The other two, the breast stroke and butterfly strokes are mostly reserved for the swimmers who are fairly adept in front crawl and backstroke. In the front crawl, the full extension of the arms is utilized, and this will alternately create a scoop into the water past the swimmers head. This will cause the body of the swimmer to move forward and additional power is at the same time added to the swimming strokes of the arms by light powerful kicks. For these kicks to be most effective they should originate from the thighs, and not the knees.

A swimmer should also try to keep the kicks at the same level with the water, since when you use extra energy to splash the kick will be less efficient. A large number of swimmers who are learning the basic swimming strokes normally get it difficult to master the breathing aspects of this stroke. As the body is normally facing down, it is necessary for a swimmer to learn how to breathe in while at the same time taking a stroke. This therefore requires a swimmer to breathe on the side opposite to the arm that is stretched out, while turning the head quickly. The head of the swimmer should be flat on its side, and he/she should not entirely lift his/her head out of the water. You should however know that learning to breathe while doing this type of stroke takes some time to master. As soon as beginning swimmers are able to do a passable front crawl, they will normally then move on to learning the backstroke.

Some learners will find this type of stroke easier since the body will normally face up, hence one can easily breathe while performing this stroke. The leg kicks are also very similar in this style, but a swimmer should always try to avoid making huge splashes with the legs so as to avoid using a lot of energy. The toes are also normally pointed, hence providing lots of efficiency as the body moves through the water. During this stroke, the arms will also be brought up one at a time, in a way similar to that of the rotation of a windmill to a person viewing the swimmer from above the pool. The arms of the swimmer will move up and back, and then they will move forward to the location beside the body from under the water. While the forward motion starts with the first arm, the other arm will move up up to/past the swimmers head. It is important to know that this stroke is most efficient when the arms of the swimmer are maintained close to the body. The breaststroke always coordinates the movements of legs and arms of a swimmer, and as the swimmer faces down in the pool, both the legs and the arms move in circular motion, and this ultimately lifts the upper half of the chest of the swimmer out of the pool where he/she takes a breath. The movement of a swimmer's legs is similar to that of frogs' legs, and the arms also make this movement.

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